Personality has been defined as the coherent patterning of affective, behavior, cognition, and desires/goals over time and space. This course will focus on theories of individual coherence and how they predict affective function and dysfunction in individuals. Methodology and current findings from various perspectives will be examined. Controversies that have existed in the field will be elucidated and resolutions examined. Although broad theories will be elucidated, the focus is on current directions in the fields of personality and affective science.
Current Syllabus (coming soon)
- Week 1 – Monday: Introduction to Personality and Emotion (8/17)
W., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Personality and emotion. In D. Sanders &
K. Scherer (Eds.), Handbook of personality
and affective science (pp. 304-305). New
York: Oxford University Press.
N. B., & Winter, D. B. (2008). History of modern personality theory and
research. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 3-28). New York: Guilford
Press. [JRP - Ch. 1]
- Funder, D. C. (2001).
Personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 197-221.
- Week 1 –
Wednesday: Personality and Emotion –
Where we’ve been, where we’re going (8/19)
- James, W. (1884). What is an emotion? Mind, 9, 188-205.
W.B. (1927). "The James-Lange theory of emotions: A critical examination
and an alternative theory". The
American Journal of Psychology, 39,
S., & Singer, J. E. (1962). Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants
of emotional state. Psychological Review,
- Ekman, P. (1999).
Basic emotions. In T. Dalgleish and M. Power (Eds.), Handbook of cognition and emotion. (pp. 45-60). Sussex, U.K.: Wiley.
- Clore, G.L. &
Robinson, M.D. (2012). Five new ideas about emotion and their implications for social-personality
psychology. In K. Deaux & M. Snyder (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology (pp. 315-336).
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Week 2 – Monday: Psychometric Approaches to Personality (8/24)
- Allport, G.W. & Odbert, H.S. (1936). Trait-names: A psycho-lexical
study. Psychological Monographs, 47(211), 1 – 171. (you should read only the first 37 pages).
- Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: Basic traits
resolved into clusters. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38(4),
- Fiske, D. T. (1949). Consistency of the factorial structures of personality
from ratings from different sources. Journal
of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 44, 329-344.
- Norman, W. T. (1963). Toward an adequate taxonomy of personality
attributes: Replicated factor structure in peer nomination personality ratings.
Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 66(6), 574–583.
- Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative "description of personality":
The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
- Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major
dimensions of personality. European
Journal of Personality, 15, 327-353.
- Week 2 – Wednesday: Theory of the Person/Situation Debate (8/26)
- Mischel, W. (1973). Toward a cognitive social learning
reconceptualization of personality. Psychological Review, 80,
- Bem, D. J.,
& Allen, A. (1974). On predicting some of the people some of the time: The
search for cross-situational consistencies in behavior. Psychological
Review, 81, 506-520.
- Funder, D. C. (2008).
Persons, situations, and person-situation interactions. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin
(Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp.
568-582). New York: Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 22]
- Fleeson, W., &
Noftle, E. (2008). The end of the person-situation debate: An emerging
synthesis in the answer to the consistency question. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 1667-1684.
- Week 3 – Monday: The Person/Situation Debate and Emotions (8/31)
- Fleeson, W. (2001).
Toward a structure and process-integrated view of personality: Traits as density
distributions of states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
- Revelle, W. (2012).
Integrating personality, cognition and emotion: Putting the dots together? In Eysenck,
M. W., Fajkowska, M., and Maruszewski, T., (eds.), Personality,
cognition and emotion. Warsaw Lectures in Personality and Social Psychology,
(pp. 157-177). New York: Eliot Werner Publications.
- Wiggins, J. S., &
Broughton, R. (1985). The interpersonal circle: A structural model for the integration
of personality research. Perspectives in
Personality, 1, 1-47.
- Moskowitz, D. S., & Côté, S. (1995). Do interpersonal
traits predict affect? A comparison of three
models. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 69(5), 915-924.
- Week 3 – Wednesday: More
- Tugade, M. M., Fredrickson,
B. L., & Barrett, L. F. (2004). Psychological resilience and emotional
granularity: Examining the benefits of positive emotions on emotion regulation and
health. Journal of Personality, 72,
1161 – 1190.
- Côté, S., & Moskowitz, D. S. (1998). On the
dynamic covariation between interpersonal behavior
and affect: Prediction from neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness.. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(4), 1032- 1046.
- Mischel, W., &
Shoda, Y. (1998). Reconciling processing dynamics and personality dispositions. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 229-258.
- Wilt, J., Noftle, E.
E., Fleeson, W., & Spain, J. S. (2012). The dynamic role of
personality states in mediating the relationship between extraversion and
positive affect. Journal of Personality, 80(5),
- Week 4 – Monday: No Class – Labor Day (9/7)
- Week 4 – Wednesday: Personality Methodology (9/9)
- Paulhus, D. L., & Vazire, S. (2007). The self-report method. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley,
& R. F. Krueger (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in personality psychology (pp.
224 – 239). New York: Guilford.
- Conner, T., Barrett, L.
F., Tugade, M. M. & Tennen, H. (2007). Idiographic personality: The theory and practice of experience
sampling. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, & R. Kreuger (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in
Personality Psychology. (pg.
79 – 96). New York: Guilford Press.
- John, O. P., &
Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In
L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook
of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed.). (pp. 102-138). New York:
- Moskowitz, D. S., &
Zuroff, D. C. (2004). Pulse, flux, and spin. Dynamic additions to the personality
lexicon. Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology, 86(6), 880 – 893.
- West, S. G., Ryu, E.,
Kwok, O.-M., & Cham, H. (2011). Multilevel modeling: Current and future
approaches in personality research. Journal
of Personality, 79(1), 2-50.
- Week 5 – Monday: Trait Models
- John, O. P., Naumann,
L. P., & Soto, C. J.(2008). Paradigm shifts to the integrative big five
trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and conceptual issues. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook
of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 114-158). New
York: Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 4]
- McCrae, R.R., &
Costa, P.T., Jr. (1997) Personality trait structure as a human universal. American
Psychologist, 52, 509-516.
- Presentation #1: Katie Derbyshire & Laura Aylward
- Article: Block, J.
(1995). A contrarian view of the five-factor approach to personality
description. Psychological Bulletin, 117(2), 187-215.
- Week 5 – Wednesday: Emotional Traits and States (9/16)
- Schimmack, U., &
Diener, E. (1997). Affect intensity: Separating intensity and frequency in repeatedly measured affect. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1313-1329. 2
- Augustine, A. A &
Larsen, R. J. (2012). Is a trait really the mean of states? Similarities and differences
between traditional and aggregate assessments of personality. Journal
of Individual Differences, 33(3), 131-137.
- Presentation #2: Steve
- Article: Larsen, R. J., & Diener, E. (1987). Affect intensity as an individual difference characteristic: A review. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 1-39.
- Week 6 – Monday: Evolutionary
Bases of Personality and Emotion (9/21)
- Buss, D. M. (2008).
Human nature and individual differences. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L.A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook
of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 29-60). New
York: Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 2]
- Nesse, R. M. (1990). Evolutionary
explanations of emotions. Human Nature, 1, 261-289.
- Presentation #3: Courtney Stenerson & Allison Brown
- Article: Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (2008). The evolutionary psychology of the emotions and their relationship to internal regulatory variables. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones & L. F. Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of Emotions, 3rd Ed. (pp. 114-137.) NY: Guilford.
- Week 6 – Wednesday: Evolution and Jealousy (9/23)
C. R. (2003). A review of sex differences in sexual jealousy, including
self-report data, psychophysiological responses, interpersonal violence, and
morbid jealousy. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 102-128.
B. J. (2005). Reconsidering evolved sex differences in jealousy: Comment on
Harris (2003). Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 62-75
- Presentation #4: Aysha Azimuddin & Nicole Alexopoulos
- Article: Buss, D. M., Larsen, R., Semmelroth, J.,
& Westen, D. (1992). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution,
physiology, and psychology. Psychological
Science, 3, 251- 255.
- Week 7 – Monday: Behavioral Genetics and Developmental
- Kruger, R. F., &
Johnson, W. (2008). Behavioral genetics and personality: A new look at the integration
of nature and nurture. In O.
P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of
personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 287-310). New York:
- McGue,M., Bacon, S.,
& Lykken, D. T. (1993). Personality stability and change in early adulthood:
A behavioral genetic analysis. Developmental
Psychology, 29(1), 96-109.
- Srivastava S, John OP,
Gosling SD, & Potter, J. (2003). Development of personality in early and
middle adulthood: Set like plaster or persistent change? Journal of Personality and Social
- Tellegen, A., Lykken,
D.T., Bouchard, T.J., Jr., Wilcox, K.J., Segal, N.L. & Rich, S. (1988).
Personality similarity in twins reared apart and together. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 54,
- Presentation #5: Zachary Resch & Chris Williams
- Article: Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T.E. (2006). Gene-environment interactions in psychiatry: Joining forces with neuroscience. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience 7, 583-590.
- Week 7 – Wednesday: Temperament (9/30)
- Strelau, J.,
& Zawadzki, B. (1993). The formal characteristics of Behaviour
Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Theoretical assumptions and
scale construction. European Journal
of Personality, 7(5), 313-336.
- Zelenski, J. M. &
Larsen, R. J. (1999). Susceptibility to affect: A comparison of three personality
taxonomies. Journal of Personality,
#6: Steve Miller
- Article: Bullock, W. A., & Gilliland, K. (1993). Eysenck’s arousal theory of introversion-extraversion: A converging measures investigation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 113-123.
- Week 8 – Monday: Attachment (10/5)
- Pomerantz, E., &
Thompson, R. A. (2008). Parents' role in children's personality development. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin
(Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd.
ed.). (pp. 351-374). New York: Guilford Press. [JRP
- Ch. 13]
- Roberts, B., Wood,
D., & Caspi, A. (2008). The development of personality traits in
adults. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, &
L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research.
(3rd. ed.). (pp. 375-3984). New York: Guilford Press. [JRP
- Ch. 14]
- Fraley, R. C., &
Shaver, P. R. (2008). Attachment theory and its place in contemporary personality
theory and research. In O. P John, R.
W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory
and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 518-541). New York: Guilford
Press. [JRP - Ch. 20]
- Presentation #7: Ken Zidek & Lindsey Bugno
- Article: Spielman, S. S., Joel, S., MacDonald, G.,
& Kogan, A. (2012). Ex appeal: Current relationship quality and
emotional attachment to ex-partners Social
Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 175-180.
- Week 8 – Wednesday: Attachment, Emotion, and Romantic
- Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. R. (1987).
Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524
- Fraley, R. C., & Waller, N. G.
(1998). Adult attachment patterns: A test of the typological model. In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships
(pp. 77-114). New York: Guilford Press.
- Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R.
(2012). Attachment theory expanded: A behavioral systems approach to personality.
In K. Deaux & M. Snyder (Eds.), Oxford handbook of personality and
social psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Week 9 – Monday: No Class – Columbus Day (10/12)
- Week 9 –
Wednesday: Psychoanalytic Thought
- Kihlstrom, J. F.
(2008). The psychological unconscious. In
O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of
personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 583-602). New York:
Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 23]
- Shultheiss, O. C.
(2008). Implicit motives. In O. P John,
R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality:
Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 603-633). New York: Guilford
Press. [JRP - Ch. 24]
- Westen, D., &
Blagov, P. (2007). A clinical-empirical model of emotion regulation: From
defenses and motivated reasoning to emotional constraint satisfaction. In
J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. NY: Guilford.
- Meehl, P. E. (1978). Theoretical risks and tabular asterisks: Sir
Karl, Sir Ronald, and the slow progress of soft psychology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology, 46, 806-834.
- NOTE: while the whole paper is well-worth
reading and will come up again in future coursework, pay specific attention to
Meehl’s response to Bouchard.
- Presentation #8: Steve Miller
- Article: Banai, E., Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2005). “Selfobject” needs in Kohut’s self psychology: Links with attachment, self-cohesion, affect regulation, and adjustment. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 29, 224-260.
- Week 10 – Monday: Social Cognitive Models (10/19)
- Shoda, Y., &
Mischel, W. (1998). Personality as a stable cognitive-affective activation network:
Characteristic patterns of behavior variation emerge from a stable personality structure. In S. J. Read & L.
C. Miller (Eds.), Connectionist and PDP
Models of Social Reasoning and
Behavior. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 175-208.
- Mearns, J. (2009).
Social learning theory. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of human relationships (vol.
3) (pp. 1537-1540). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Presentation #9:
John Anderson & Marty Prete
- Article: Smith, S. M., & Petty, R. E. (1995). Personality moderators of mood congruency effects on cognition: The role of self-esteem and negative mood regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 1092-1107.
- Week 10 –
Wednesday: Social Cognitive Models, Conceptual Act Models
- Catanzaro, S. J., &
Mearns, J. (1990). Measuring generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation:
Initial scale development and implications. Journal of Personality Assessment,
- Bandura, A. (1961). Psychotherapy as a learning process. Psychological
Bulletin, 58(2), 143-159.
- Barrett, L. F. (2006). Solving the emotion paradox:
Categorization and the experience of emotion. Personality
and Social Psychology Review, 10(1), 20-46.
- Presentation #10: Luciano Gomez & Keith Britton
- Article: Barrett, L. F., & Bar, M. (2009). See it with feeling: Affective predictions in the human brain. Royal Society Phil Trans B, 364, 1325-1334.
- Week 11 – Monday: Coping (10/26)
- Gross, J. J. (2008).
Emotion and emotion regulation: Personality processes and individual differences. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin
(Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 701-724). New
York: Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 28]
- Carver, C. S.,
Scheier, M. F., & Fulford, D. (2008). Self-regulatory processes, stress,
and coping. In O. P John, R. W.
Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and
research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 725-742). New York: Guilford Press. [JRP
- Ch. 29]
- Folkman, S., Lazarus,
R. S., Dunkel-Schetter, C., DeLongis, A., & Gruen, R. J. (1986). Dynamics
of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 992-1003.
P. C. (2013). Appraisal theory: Old and new questions. Emotion Review, 5, 125-131.
#11: Lauren Drandorff & Ann Carreno
- Article: Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4, 219-247.
- Week 11 – Wednesday: Personality and Psychopathology (10/28)
- Clark, L. A., &
Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence
and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316-336.
- Joiner, T. E.,
Steer, R. A., Beck, A. T., Schmidt, N. B., Rudd, M. D.,
& Catanzaro, S. J. (1999). Physiological hyperarousal: Construct
validity of a central aspect of a tripartite model of depression and
anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 290-298.
- Watson, D., &
Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive
emotional states. Psychological
Bulletin, 96(3), 465-490.
- Widiger, T. A., &
Presnall, J. R. (2013). Clinical applications of the five-factor model. Journal of Personality, 81(6), 515-527.
- Eaton, N. R., Krueger,
R. F., Docherty, A. R., & Sponheim, S. R. (2014). Toward a model based approach
to the clinical assessment of personality and psychopathology. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96(3),
#12: Steve Miller
- Article: Krueger, R. F., Hicks, B. M., Patrick, C. J., Carlson, S. R., Iacono, W. G., & McGue, M. (2002). Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: Modeling the externalizing spectrum. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 411-424.
- Week 12 – Monday: Catch Up and Review (11/3)
- Cramer, A. O. J., van
der Sluis, S., Noordhof, A., Wicherts, M., Geschwind, N., Aggen, S. H., Kendler,
K. S., & Borsboom, D. (2012). Dimensions of normal personality as networks
in search of equilibrium: You can’t like parties if you don’t like people. European Journal of Personality, 26,
- Boroditsky, L. &
Ramscar, M. (2002). The roles of body and mind in
abstract thought. Psychological Science,
- Lindquist, K. A., Satpute, A., &
Gendron, M. (2015). Does language do more than communicate emotion? Current Directions in Psychological Science,
- NOTE: On November 3, 2013, the movie “Inside Out”
will be released on DVD. Numerous
psychologists – some of whom we have read in class – have
commented on or contributed to the movie.
In November, I will have a departmental movie night to watch the movie. Please keep your eyes open so you can
continue your discussions of Personality and Emotion.
- Some Reactions to the Movie
- Presentation #13: Steve Miller
- Article: Adler, J.M. (2012). Living into the story: Agency and coherence in a longitudinal study of narrative identity development and mental health over the course of psychotherapy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(2), 367-389.
- Fleeson, W., & Jayawickreme, E. (in press). Whole trait theory. Journal of Research in Personality. (pdf)
- Week 12 – Wednesday:
- Paper Presentations
(no power point needed, five minutes per person)
- Papers Due
Personality and Emotion Journals
Julian Rotter (October 22, 1916 – January 6, 2014) related materials [click image for new page]