Theories of Personality and Emotion - Fall 2014

Personality has been defined as the coherent patterning of affective, behavior, cognition, and desires/goals over time and space.  This course will focus on theories of individual coherence and how they predict affective function and dysfunction in individuals.  Methodology and current findings from various perspectives will be examined.   Controversies that have existed in the field will be elucidated and resolutions examined.  Although broad theories will be elucidated, the focus is on current directions in the fields of personality and affective science.
 

2014 SYLLABUS (distributed Day 1)


Week 1 – Monday:   Introduction to Personality and Emotion (8/18)

  • Revelle, W., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Personality and emotion. In D. Sanders & K. Scherer  (Eds.), Handbook of personality and affective science (pp. 304-305). New York Oxford University Press.
  • Barenbaum, N. B., & Winter, D. B. (2008). History of modern personality theory and research. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 3-28). New York: Guilford Press. [JRP - Ch. 1]
  • Funder, D. C. (2001). Personality.  Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 197-221.

Week 1 – Wednesday:    Personality and Emotion – Where we’ve been, where we’re going (8/20)

  • James, W. (1884). What is an emotion? Mind, 9, 188-205.
  • Cannon, W.B. (1927).   The James-Lange theory of emotions: A critical examination and an  alternative theory. The American Journal of Psychology,  39, 106–124.
  • Schachter, S., & Singer, J. E. (1962). Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychological Review, 69(5), 379-399.
  • Ekman, P. (1999). Basic emotions. In T. Dalgleish and M. Power (Eds.), Handbook of cognition   and emotion. (pp. 45-60).  Sussex, U.K.: Wiley. 
  • Clore, G.L. & Robinson, M.D. (2012). Five new ideas about emotion and their implications for social-personality psychology. In K. Deaux & M. Snyder (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology (pp. 315-336). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Week 2 – Monday:    Psychometric Approaches to Personality (8/25)

  • Allport, G.W. & Odbert, H.S. (1936). Trait-names: A psycho-lexical study. Psychological Monographs, 47(211), 1 – 171.  (you should read only the first 37 pages).
  • Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: Basic traits resolved into clusters.  Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38(4), 476–506.
  • Fiske, D. T. (1949). Consistency of the factorial structures of personality from ratings from different sources. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 44, 329-344.
  • Norman, W. T. (1963). Toward an adequate taxonomy of personality attributes: Replicated  factor structure in peer nomination personality ratings. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 66(6), 574–583.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative "description of personality": The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(6), 1216–1229.
  • Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major dimensions of personality.  European Journal of Personality, 15, 327-353.

Week 2 – Wednesday:    Theory of the Person/Situation Debate (8/27)

  • Mischel, W. (1973). Toward a cognitive social learning reconceptualization of personality. Psychological Review80, 252-283. 
  • Bem, D. J., & Allen, A. (1974). On predicting some of the people some of the time: The search for cross-situational consistencies in behavior. Psychological Review81, 506-520.
  • Funder, D. C. (2008). Persons, situations, and person-situation interactions.  In O. P John, R. W.  Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 568-582). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 22]
  • Fleeson, W., & Noftle, E. (2008). The end of the person-situation debate: An emerging synthesis  in the answer to the consistency question. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2,   1667-1684.

Week 3 – Monday:    (9/1)

Labor Day – Rosalind Franklin Closed

Week 3 – Wednesday:    The Person/Situation Debate and Emotions (9/3)

  • Fleeson, W. (2001). Toward a structure and process-integrated view of personality: Traits as density distributions of states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 1011-1027.
  • Revelle, W. (2012). Integrating personality, cognition and emotion: Putting the dots together? In Eysenck, M. W., Fajkowska, M., and Maruszewski, T., (eds.),  Personality, cognition and emotion. Warsaw Lectures in Personality and Social Psychology, (pp. 157-177).   New York: Eliot Werner Publications,.
  • Wiggins, J. S., & Broughton, R. (1985). The interpersonal circle: A structural model for the integration of personality research. Perspectives in Personality, 1, 1-47.
  • Moskowitz, D. S., & Côté, S. (1995). Do interpersonal traits predict affect? A comparison of three models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(5), 915-924.

ESSAY #1 POSTED

Week 4 – Monday:   More person-situation-emotion-reconciliation (9/8)

  • Tugade, M. M., Fredrickson, B. L., & Barrett, L. F. (2004). Psychological resilience and emotional granularity: Examining the benefits of positive emotions on emotion regulation and health. Journal of Personality, 72, 1161 – 1190.
  • Moskowitz, D. S., & Côté, S. (1995). Do interpersonal traits predict affect. A comparison of three models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(5), 915-924. 
  • Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1998). Reconciling processing dynamics and     personality dispositions. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 229-258. 
  • Wilt, J., Noftle, E. E., Fleeson, W., & Spain, J. S. (2012). The dynamic role of personality states   in mediating the relationship between extraversion and positive affect. Journal of  Personality, 80(5), 1205-1236. 

Week 4 – Wednesday:   Personality Methodology  (9/10)

  • Paulhus, D. L., & Vazire, S. (2007). The self-report method. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, & R.  F. Krueger (Eds.),Handbook of research methods in personality psychology (pp. 224    239). New York: Guilford. 
  • Conner, T., Barrett, L. F., Tugade, M. M. & Tennen, H. (2007). Idiographic personality:  The theory and practice of experience sampling. In R. W. Robins, R. C. Fraley, & R. Kreuger (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology (pg. 79 – 96). New York: Guilford Press
  • John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed.). (pp. 102-138). New York: Guilford.
  • Moskowitz, D. S., & Zuroff, D. C. (2004). Pulse, flux, and spin. Dynamic additions to the personality lexicon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(6), 880 – 893.
  • West, S. G., Ryu, E., Kwok, O.-M., & Cham, H. (2011). Multilevel modeling: Current and future approaches in personality research. Journal of Personality, 79(1), 2-50.

ESSAY #1 DUE

Week 5 – Monday:    Trait Models (9/15)

  • John, O. P., Naumann, L. P., & Soto, C. J.(2008). Paradigm shifts to the integrative big five trait  taxonomy: History, measurement, and conceptual issues.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp.  114-158). New York:  Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 4]
  • McCrae, R.R., & Costa, P.T., Jr. (1997) Personality trait structure as a human universal.  American Psychologist, 52, 509-516. 
  • Presentation #1:  Lauren Zaluda & Emily Weber
    • Russell, J. A. (1980). A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(4), 1161-1178.

Week 5 – Wednesday:  Emotional Traits and States    (9/17)

  • Schimmack, U., & Diener, E. (1997). Affect intensity: Separating intensity and frequency in repeatedly measured affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 1313- 1329. 
  • Augustine, A. A & Larsen, R. J. (2012). Is a trait really the mean of states? Similarities and differences between traditional and aggregate assessments of personality.  Journal of  Individual Differences, 33(3), 131-137.
  • Presentation #2:   Soyoung Suh & Hillary Gorin
    • Diener, E., Larsen, R. J., Emmons, R. A. (1983). Person x Situation interactions: Choice of situations and congruence response models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(3), 580-592.

Week 6 – Monday:    Evolutionary Bases of Personality and Emotion (9/22)

  • Buss, D. M. (2008). Human nature and individual differences.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 29 -60). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 2]
  • Nesse, R. M. (1990). Evolutionary explanations of emotions. Human Nature, 1, 261-289.
  • Presentation #3:  Allison Novak & Adam Mathy
    • Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., & Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The dark triad: Facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23, 5-18.

Week 6 – Wednesday:    Evolution and Jealousy (9/24)

  • Harris, C. R. (2003). A review of sex differences in sexual jealousy, including self-report data,  psychophysiological responses, interpersonal violence, and morbid jealousy. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 102-128.
  • Sagarin, B. J. (2005). Reconsidering evolved sex differences in jealousy: Comment on Harris (2003). Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 62-75
  • Presentation #4:  Samantha Carreon & Chris Omahen
    • Sabini, J., & Green, M. C. (2004). Emotional responses to sexual and emotional infidelity: Constants and differences across genders, samples, and methods. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(11), 1375-1388.

Week 7 – Monday:   Behavioral Genetics and Developmental Processes  (9/29)

  • Kruger, R. F., & Johnson, W. (2008). Behavioral genetics and personality: A new look at the integration of nature and nurture.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin  (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 287-310). New York: Guilford Press.
  • McGue,M., Bacon, S., & Lykken, D. T. (1993). Personality stability and change in early adulthood:  A behavioral genetic analysis. Developmental Psychology, 29(1), 96-109.
  • Srivastava S, John OP, Gosling SD, & Potter, J. (2003). Development of personality in early  and middle adulthood: Set like plaster or persistent change? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1041–1053.
  • Tellegen, A., Lykken, D.T., Bouchard, T.J., Jr., Wilcox, K.J., Segal, N.L. & Rich, S.  (1988). Personality similarity in twins reared apart and together. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology54, 1031-1039.
  • Presentation #5:  Dana Kelly & Anna Hamm
    • Mroczek, D. K., & Spiro, A., III (2003). Modeling intraindividual changes in personality traits: Findings from the normative aging study. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences,58B(3), P153-P165.

Week 7 – Wednesday:  Temperament   (10/1)

  • Strelau, J., & Zawadzki, B. (1993). The formal characteristics of Behaviour Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Theoretical assumptions and scale construction. European Journal of Personality, 7(5), 313-336.
  • Zelenski, J. M. & Larsen, R. J. (1999). Susceptibility to affect: A comparison of three personality taxonomies. Journal of Personality, 67, 761-791.
  • Presentation #6:  Divya Bhagavatula & Jill Pevinsky
    • Durbin, C. E., Klein, D. N., Hayden, E. P., Buckley, M. E., & Moerk, K. C. (2005). Temperamental emotionality in preschoolers and parental mood disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(1), 28-37.

ESSAY #2 POSTED

Week 8 – Monday:    Attachment (10/6)

  • Pomerantz, E., & Thompson, R. A. (2008). Parents' role in children's personality development.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of  personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 351-374). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 13]
  • Roberts, B., Wood, D., & Caspi, A. (2008). The development of personality traits in adults. In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 375-3984). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 14]
  • Fraley, R. C., & Shaver, P. R. (2008). Attachment theory and its place in contemporary personality theory and research.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin  (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 518-541). New  York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 20]
  • Presentation #7:  Amanda Suttle & Jessica DeBaufer
    • Green, J. D., & Campbell, W. K. (2000). Attachment and exploration in adults. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(4), 452-461

Week 8 – Wednesday:    Attachment, Emotion, and Romantic Relationships (10/8)

  • Shaver, P. R., & Hazan, C. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524.
  • Fraley, R. C., & Waller, N. G. (1998). Adult attachment patterns: A test of the typological model.   In J. A.  Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 77-114). New  York: Guilford Press. 
  • Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2012). Attachment theory expanded: A behavioral systems approach to personality. In K. Deaux & M. Snyder (Eds.), Oxford handbook of  personality and social psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

ESSAY #2 DUE

Week 9 – Monday:    (10/13)

Columbus Day – Rosalind Franklin Closed

Week 9 – Wednesday:    Psychoanalytic Thought (10/15)

  • Kihlstrom, J. F. (2008). The psychological unconscious.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A.  Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 583  602). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 23]
  • Shultheiss, O. C. (2008). Implicit motives.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin     (Eds.). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 603-633). New     York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 24]
  • Westen, D., & Blagov, P. (2007). A clinical-empirical model of emotion regulation: From  defenses and motivated reasoning to emotional constraint satisfaction. In J. Gross     (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. NY: Guilford.
  • Meehl, P. E. (1978). (1978). Theoretical risks and tabular asterisks: Sir Karl, Sir Ronald, and the   slow progress of soft psychology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46,  806-834.   
    • (while the whole paper is well-worth reading and is taught again in Theoretical Psychopathology, pay specific attention to Meehl’s response to Bouchard).
  • Presentation #8:  Sam Schmelter & Kelsey Snyder
    • Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Scwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1464-1480.

Week 10 – Monday:   Social Cognitive Models (10/20)

  • Shoda, Y., & Mischel, W. (1998). Personality as a stable cognitive-affective activation network: Characteristic patterns of behavior variation emerge from a stable   personality structure. In S. J. Read & L. C. Miller (Eds.), Connectionist and PDP Models of Social Reasoning and Behavior. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 175-208.
  • Mearns, J. (2009). Social learning theory. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher  (Eds.), Encyclopedia of  human relationships (vol. 3) (pp. 1537-1540). Thousand Oaks,   CA: Sage. 
  • Presentation #9:  Emily Hoida & Jacey Keeney
    • Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1984). Differential engagement of self-reactive influence in cognitive motivation. Organizational Behavior and Decision Processes, 38, 92-113.

Week 10 – Wednesday:   Social Cognitive Models (10/22)

  • Catanzaro, S. J., & Mearns, J. (1990). Measuring generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation: Initial scale development and implications. Journal of  Personality Assessment, 54, 546-563. 
  • Bandura, A. (1961). Psychotherapy as a learning process. Psychological Bulletin,  58(2), 143-159.
  • Presentation #10:  Daniel Kern & Rebecca Mayer
    • Kassel, J. D., Bornovalova, M., & Mehta, N. (2006). Generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation predict change in anxiety and depression among college students. Behavior Research and Therapy, 45, 939-950.

Week 11 – Monday:    Coping (10/27)

  • Gross, J. J. (2008). Emotion and emotion regulation: Personality processes and individual  differences.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of  personality:  Theory and research.  (3rd. ed.). (pp. 701-724). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch. 28]
  • Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Fulford, D. (2008). Self-regulatory processes, stress, and  coping.  In O. P John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.). Handbook of personality:  Theory and research. (3rd. ed.). (pp. 725-742). New York: Guilford Press.  [JRP - Ch.  29]
  • Folkman, S., Lazarus, R. S., Dunkel-Schetter, C., DeLongis, A., & Gruen, R. J. (1986). Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 992-1003. 
  • Widiger, T. A., & Presnall, J. R. (2013). Clinical applications of the five-factor model.  Journal of Personality, 81(6), 515-527.
  • Presentation #11:  Scott Klappa & Angie Olsen
    • Lopes, P. N., Nezlek, J. B., Extremera, N., Hertel, J., Fernández-Berrocal, P., Schütz, A., & Salovey, P. (2011).  Emotion regulation and the quality of social interaction: Does the ability to evaluate emotional situations and identify effective responses matter? Journal of Personality, 79(2), 429-467.

Week 11 – Wednesday:    Personality and Psychopathology (10/29)

  • Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316-336. 
  • Joiner, T. E., Steer, R. A., Beck, A. T., Schmidt, N. B., Rudd, M. D., & Catanzaro,  S. J. (1999). Physiological hyperarousal: Construct validity of a central aspect of  a tripartite model of depression and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,  108, 290-298. 
  • Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states.  Psychological Bulletin, 96(3), 465-490.
  • Eaton, N. R., Krueger, R. F., Docherty, A. R., & Spnheim, S. R. Toward a model based approach to the clinical assessment of personality and psychopathology. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96(3), 283-292.
  • Presentation #12:  Courtney Nelson & Ashley Taylor
    • Trull, T., & Scher, K. (1994). Relationship between the five-factor model of personality and Axis I disorders in a nonclinical sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(2), 350-360.

Week 12 – Monday:    Catch Up and Review   (11/3)

  • Cramer, A. O. J., van der Sluis, S., Noordhof, A., Wicherts, M., Geschwind, N., Aggen, S. H., Kendler, K. S., & Borsboom, D. (2012). Dimensions of normal personality as networks in search of equilibrium: You can’t like parties if you don’t like people. European Journal  of Personality, 26, 414-431.
  • Boroditsky, L. & Ramscar, M. (2002). The roles of body and mind in abstract thought. Psychological  Science, 13(2), 185-188.
  • Presentation #13:  Lenel Reuther & Megan Ott
    • Adler, J. M. (2012). Living into the story: Agency and coherence in a longitudinal study of narrative identity development and mental health over the course of psychotherapy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(2), 367-389.

Week 12 – Wednesday:    (11/5)

  • Paper Presentations (no power point needed, five minutes per person)
  • Papers Due

Here's the site from the last time I taught this class:  https://sites.google.com/site/stevenewsite/personality-and-emotion

Useful Links
Personality and Emotion Journals (non-comprehensive)

Julian Rotter (October 22, 1916 – January 6, 2014) related materials [click below for new page]

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