Meta-Science

This course examines controversial topics in science that have implication for the way research is conducted.  I have currently listed five important (and not completely orthogonal) topics, but plan on adding more in the future.  While I am trained as a psychologist and this class could be offered in psychology, it could also be offered in an interdisciplinary or inter-professional manner.

Clinical Utility vs. Scientific Accuracy
  • Key Readings
    • First, M.B., Pincus, H.A., Levine, J.B., Williams, J.B.W., Ustun, B., & Peele, R. (2004).  Clinical utility as a criterion for revising psychiatric diagnoses.  American  Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 946–954. (pdf)
    • Shedler, J., & Westen, D. (2004). Dimensions of personality pathology: An alternative to the Five Factor Model. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161,1743-1754. (pdf).
    • Widiger, T.A., & Trull, T.J. A simplistic understanding of the five-factor model. The American Journal of Psychiatry 162(8), 1550-1551. (pdf)
    • Westen, D., Waller, N., Shedler, J., & Blagov, P. (in press). Dimensions of personality and personality pathology: Factor structure of the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-II (SWAP-II), Journal of Personality Disorders.
    • Shedler, J., Beck, A., Fonagy, P., Gabbard, G. O., Gunderson, O., Kernberg, O., Michels, R., & Westen, D. (2010). Personality disorders in DSM-5. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(9), 1026-1028. (pdf)
    • Skodol, A. E., (2011). Revision of the personality disorder model for DSM-5. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168(1), 97. (pdf)
    • Shedler, J., Beck, A.T., Fonagy, P., Gabbard, G. O., Kernberg, O., Michels, R., & Westen, D. (2011). Response to the Skodol letter.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 168(1), 97-98. (pdf)
  • Additional Resources
    • Glover, NG, Crego, C, Widiger, T.A. (2012).  The clinical utility of the Five Factor Model of personality disorder. Personality Disorders, 3(2), 176-84. (pdf)
    • Gore, W.L., & Widiger, T.A.  (2013).  The DSM-5 dimensional trait model and five-factor models of general personality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 122(3), 816-21. (pdf)
    • Mullins-Sweatt, S.N., & Widiger, T.A. (2011). Clinician's judgments of the utility of the DSM-IV and five-factor models for personality disordered patients. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25(4). 463-77. (pdf)
    • Shedler, J., & Westen, D. (2004). Refining personality disorder diagnoses:Integrating science and practice. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 1-16. (pdf)
    • Skodol, A. E. (2012). Personality disorders in DSM-5. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 317-344. (pdf).
    • Spitzer, R.L., First, M.B., Shedler, J.S., Westen, D., & Skodol, A. (2008). Clinical utility of five dimensional systems for personality diagnosis: A consumer preference study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196, 356-374. (pdf)
    • Trull, T. J. (2012). The Five Factor Model of Personality Disorder and DSM-5. Journal of Personality, 80(6), 1697-1720. (pdf).
    • Westen, D. (2006). Drizzling on the 5+3 factor parade: A response to Trull. In T. Widiger & E. Simonson (Eds.), Dimensional models of personality disorder: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V (pp. 189-194). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press. (pdf)
    • Westen, D., Shedler, J., Bradley, B., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). An empirically derived taxonomy for personality diagnosis: Bridging science and practice in conceptualizing personality. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(3), 273-284. (pdf)
    • Westen, D., & Shedler, J. (1999). Revising and assessing Axis II, Part 1:Developing a clinically and empirically valid assessment method. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 258-272. (pdf)
    • Westen, D., & Shedler, J. (1999). Revising and assessing Axis II, Part 2: Toward an empirically based and clinically useful classification of personality disorders.American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 273-285. (pdf)
    • Widiger, T.A. & Costa P.T., Jr (2012). Integrating normal and abnormal personality structure: the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 80(6), 1471-506. (pdf)
Idiographic Methodology
  • Nesselroade
  • Molenaar
  • Ram
  • Lamielle
  • Ioannidis & Garber (2011) (pdf)
Null-Hypothesis Significance Testing
  • Cohen, J. (1994). The earth is round (p < .05). American Psychologist, 49, 997-1003. (pdf)
  • Lambden, C. (2012). Significance tests as sorcery: Science is empirical−−significance tests are not.  Theory & Psychology, 22, 67-90 (pdf)
  • Schmidt, F., L, & Hunter, J. E. (1997). Eight common but false objections to the discontinuation of significance testing in the analysis of research data. In L. L. Harlow, S. A. Mulaik & J. H. Steiger (Eds.), What if there were no significance tests? (pp. 37-64). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (pdf)
  • P-hacking (pdf)
John Ioannidis
  • Ioannidis, J.P.A. (2005). Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Medicine, 2(8), e124. (pdf)
  • Responses
  • JAMA
Replication
  • Coming soon...
The Bayesian vs. Frequentist Debate

  • Coming soon...



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